Vaccination

Vaccination Schedule For 2020-21: IAP Recommended

Are you struggling with understanding your child’s vaccination schedule? For that, The Advisory Committee on Vaccines and Immunization Practices of the IAP (Indian Academy of Pediatrics) prepares a vaccination schedule every year for your toddlers.

As a parent, you tend to be highly concerned about your child’s health. Indeed! And while that is the case, keeping up with your child’s vaccination schedule is a must. Why? Because it shields your child from life-threatening diseases, for example, Polio, Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, etc.

In other words, it’s a life saviour! And what more? Let’s talk about it.

The Importance of Following a Vaccination Schedule

A vaccination schedule can act as a precursor for a better understanding of your child’s vaccination. As a result, it helps you keep a routine ensuring the protection of your child against harmful diseases.

List of Mandatory Vaccines

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
  • Hepatitis A & Hepatitis B
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine) & IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine)
  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus)
  • Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae type B)
  • PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine)
  • Rotavirus Vaccine
  • Influenza Vaccine
  • MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella)
  • Varicella
  • TCV (Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine)

List of Special Vaccines (Advised in Special Conditions)

  • Meningococcal Vaccine
  • JE (Japanese Encephalitis)
  • Cholera
  • Rabies
  • Yellow Fever
  • PPSV 23 (Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine)

Recommended Vaccination Schedule At Child Birth

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin): Protects against Tuberculosis disease. Tuberculosis affects the lungs. It can even cause damage to other parts of the body, including liver, kidney, heart, and joint damage in the long run.
  • Hep B 1 (Hepatitis B): Protects from Hepatitis B. Hepatitis B causes inflammation and other complications in the liver.
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine): Protects from Polio. Besides causing paralysis of the body, polio leads to permanent disability. Therefore, resulting in death.

Recommended Vaccination Schedule For Children Aged 6-14 Weeks

  • Hep B 2 & B 3: Protects from Hepatitis B.
  • IPV 1, 2 & 3 (Inactivated Polio Vaccine): Protects from Polio.
  • DPT 1, 2 & 3: Firstly, protects from Diphtheria– nose and throat infection, resulting in breathing difficulty that can lead to death. Secondly, Pertussis (whooping cough)- acute coughing that can lead to pneumonia and brain damage. Similarly, it also prevents Tetanus– an infection that spreads through cuts/wounds on the skin.
  • Hib 1, 2 & 3: Prevents Haemophilus Influenzae type B disease, which consequently causes bronchitis and swelling in the throat. Thus, making it too hard to breathe.
  • PCV 1, 2 & 3 (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine): Prevents Pneumococcal disease (results in an infection in ears, nose, blood). Also, causes infection in the inner lining of the brain (meningitis) and lungs (pneumonia).
  • RV 1 & 2 (Rotavirus Vaccine): Protects from Rotavirus, which causes diarrhoea, vomiting, and fever. Furthermore, it can cause abdominal pain in young children and infants.

Recommended Vaccination Schedule For Children Aged 6-12 Months

  • Influenza 1 & 2: Protects from Influenza viruses (cause infection in nose, throat, and lungs).
  • MMR 1: Protects against Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (fever, rash, headache, red-itchy eyes that can result in other serious complications).
  • TCV: Significantly protects from Typhoid. Typhoid causes high fever, vomiting, and diarrhoea. Besides causing loss of appetite and stomach pain.
  • Hep A 1: Protects against Hepatitis A (caused due to inflammation in the liver).
Vaccination Schedule for Children

Vaccination Schedule for Children

Recommended Vaccine Schedule For Children Aged 13-18 Months

  • IPV Booster 1: Protects from Polio.
  • DPT Booster 1: Protects from Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus.
  • Hib Booster 1: Protects from Haemophilus Influenzae type B.
  • PCV Booster: Protects from Pneumococcal disease.
  • MMR 2: Protects against Measles, Mumps, and Rubella.
  • Chicken Pox 1: Protects from Chicken Pox, especially causes itchy rashes on the entire body. Although it’s not a serious disease, it can further become fatal for a weak immune system.

Recommended Vaccination Schedule For Children Aged 18-24 Months

  • Hep A 2: Protects against Hepatitis A.
  • Chicken Pox 2: Protects against Chicken Pox.

Recommended Vaccine Schedule For Children Aged 2-6 Years

  • IPV Booster 2 (4-6 years): Protects from Polio disease.
  • DPT Booster 2 (4-6 years): The booster dose totally protects your child from Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus.
  • MMR 3 (4-6 years): The 3rd dose of MMR subsequently prevents Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. 

Conclusion

Hence, following a vaccination schedule is necessary. It helps you protect your child from deadly diseases. Additionally, it provides a blueprint that can be easily followed. Although this can help, we’ve made the process even easier for you. Read on to find out.

How Can You Keep Track of Your Child’s Vaccination Schedule?

ImmunifyMe can help! We offer an online space where you can keep your child’s vaccination records safe. Moreover, we provide regular vaccination reminders. So, why wait? Download the ImmunifyMe App from your Google Play Store now.

 

 

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